As it’s December I thought it might be nice to explore culture in this weeks OTalk. In the western world December is a large part of our culture. We engage in lots of traditions which have their routes in Christianity. Preparation is carry out throughout the month with shopping, wrapping gifts, decorating workplaces, homes, for the big day, where gifts are given, and a meal is shared. Its means different things to different people. But not all within our street, workplaces, life’s engage in these tradition as it’s not part of their culture. Do we consider culture in our interventions as therapists?
There is culture in everything we do, both good and bad. To help you think about culture in preparation of the chat, here are some definitions.
- The quality in a person or society that arises from a concern for what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits, etc.
- That which is excellent in the arts, manners, etc.
- A particular form or stage of civilization, as that of a certain nation or period:
- Development or improvement of the mind by education or training.
- The behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group:
the youth culture; the drug culture.
- Anthropology. the sum total of ways of living built up by a group of human beings and transmitted from one generation to another.
the cultivation of microorganisms, as bacteria, or of tissues, for scientific study, medicinal use, etc.
the product or growth resulting from such cultivation.
- The act or practice of cultivating the soil; tillage.
- The raising of plants or animals, especially with a view to their improvement.
- The product or growth resulting from such cultivation.
Verb (used with object), cultured, culturing.
- To subject to culture; cultivate.
to grow (microorganisms, tissues, etc.) in or on a controlled or defined medium.
to introduce (living material) into a culture medium.
Definitions of culture and cultural competence in occupational therapy texts Culture is defined in numerous ways and broadly refers to the accumulation of non-material influences that define the learned identity and behaviours of an individual and the social group(s) to which he or she belongs. The definition of the early anthropologist Tylor (1874) is favoured and quoted by Mumford (1994, p145): ‘that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society’. Gujral (2000, p440) more simply described culture as ‘comprising traditional beliefs and social practices that lead to rules for social interaction within a particular locality or social group’. Culture, Cultural Competency and Occupational Therapy: A Review of the Literature Jerri Awaad The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 2003; vol. 66, 8: pp. 356-362
Transcripts from chat http://embed.symplur.com/twitter/transcript?hashtag=OTalk&fdate=12-08-2015&shour=12&smin=00&tdate=12-08-2015&thour=13&tmin=15&page=2