This weeks #OTalk Research is on the topic of “Photo Elicitation” and will be hosted by Gemma Wells (@GemmaOTPHD).
Here is what Gemma had to say…
When completing my PhD I choose to use the visual research method of photo-elicitation. Visual research methods draw on a range of materials which may include photographs, video, film and drawings (Flick 2009; Asaba et al 2015) although the most commonly used visual stimuli is that of photographs (Rose 2014).
Photo-elicitation is a particular style of interviewing that requires participants to take photographs as part of the interview process (Collier 1957) and was originally borne from anthropologists using photographs to illustrate their work (Collier 1957; Ketelle 2010). The term ‘photo-elicitation’ was first used by Collier in 1957 as a result of an experiment that he completed which compared using photographs in interviews to traditional interviews which only drew upon verbal stimuli to generate discussion. He concluded that the interviews which used photographs to stimulate the discussions were more fruitful than those adopting the more traditional approach.
Following my use of this research method in my PhD I concluded that photo-elicitation has the potential to enable occupational therapists to gain an enhanced understanding of the people they work with as occupational beings. This includes the ability to capture detailed information about the context that enables an activity to become an occupation. Participant led photo-elicitation reflects the person centred ethos of occupational therapy by enabling people to capture and discuss what is important to them.
This #OTalk will consider the following questions;
- What do you consider to be the benefits of using photo-elicitation in occupational therapy research?
- What do you think might be the challenges of using photo-elicitation in occupational therapy research?
- How do you think that the process of photo-elicitation could be used in occupational therapy practice?
- What factors do you think need to be considered when using photo-elicitation in practice?
- How might photo-elicitation be used in your research or practice?
On the OTalk account: @preston_jenny
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