#OTalk Research Chats, OTalk

#OTalk Research 2nd October 2018 –Photo Elicitation 

This weeks #OTalk Research is on the topic of “Photo Elicitation” and will be hosted by Gemma Wells (@GemmaOTPHD).

Here is what Gemma had to say…

When completing my PhD I choose to use the visual research method of photo-elicitation.  Visual research methods draw on a range of materials which may include photographs, video, film and drawings (Flick 2009; Asaba et al 2015) although the most commonly used visual stimuli is that of photographs (Rose 2014).  

Photo-elicitation is a particular style of interviewing that requires participants to take photographs as part of the interview process (Collier 1957) and was originally borne from anthropologists using photographs to illustrate their work (Collier 1957; Ketelle 2010). The term ‘photo-elicitation’ was first used by Collier in 1957 as a result of an experiment that he completed which compared using photographs in interviews to traditional interviews which only drew upon verbal stimuli to generate discussion. He concluded that the interviews which used photographs to stimulate the discussions were more fruitful than those adopting the more traditional approach.

Following my use of this research method in my PhD I concluded that photo-elicitation has the potential to enable occupational therapists to gain an enhanced understanding of the people they work with as occupational beings.  This includes the ability to capture detailed information about the context that enables an activity to become an occupation. Participant led photo-elicitation reflects the person centred ethos of occupational therapy by enabling people to capture and discuss what is important to them.

This #OTalk will consider the following questions;

  1. What do you consider to be the benefits of using photo-elicitation in occupational therapy research?
  2. What do you think might be the challenges of using photo-elicitation in occupational therapy research?
  3. How do you think that the process of photo-elicitation could be used in occupational therapy practice?
  4. What factors do you think need to be considered when using photo-elicitation in practice?
  5. How might photo-elicitation be used in your research or practice?


Host: @GemmaOTPHD

On the OTalk account: @preston_jenny

Online Transcript

#OTalk Healthcare Social Media Transcript October 2nd 2018

The Numbers

1.283M Impressions
216 Tweets
15 Participants
173 Avg Tweets/Hour
14 Avg Tweets/Participant

#OTalk Participants



#OTalk 25th September 2018 – Cultural Competence: Do we need to immerse ourselves in other cultures?

This weeks #OTalk is on the topic of “Cultural Competence” and will be hosted by a Team from Coventry University (Via @TanyaRihtman).

Here is what they had to say…

Occupational therapists are increasingly practicing in a multi-cultural context, resulting in a need to ensure cultural competence capabilities. Students are exposed to various opportunities for developing cultural competence, from exposure to a range of different cultures in the classroom to opportunities for travel to different countries.

A group of 10 Coventry University undergraduate occupational therapy students about to commence their second year will be visiting South Africa in September 2018 on an immersive occupational therapy fieldtrip. The learning outcomes for the trip are to:

  • Understand the nature and context of occupational therapy services in the South African context
  • Understand the impact of the diverse cultural contexts of South Africa on consideration of ‘environment’ as a key component of occupational therapy practice
  • Explore the nature the challenges and opportunities faced by occupational therapists in South Africa
  • Reflect on the differences between influences informing occupational therapy services in South Africa and those in the UK
  • Develop a critical understanding of learning needs and career options to explore career development

Engagement in this experience has raised questions about how we understand cultural competence, and whether we need to immerse ourselves in other cultures to become culturally competent occupational therapists.

Some questions to consider:

  1. How do we ‘immerse’ ourselves in another culture? Does this necessarily require travel? If not, how might we encourage engagement with cultural competence without travel?
  2. As occupational therapists, we are closely familiar with the impact of varied verbal and non-verbal communication styles. How might the opportunity to travel to different cultures expand our understanding of the impacts of these nuances in communication?
  3. How has first-hand experience of travel informed your clinical occupational therapy practice in general, and specifically in relation to your cultural competence?
  4. How might occupational therapy students and practitioners overcome their anxieties about travelling to other cultures with the express purpose of viewing different cultural lived experience from an occupational therapy lens?\

Post Chat

Host; @TanyaRihtman

Support on the OTalk account; @colourful_ot 

#OTalk Healthcare Social Media Transcript September 25th 2018

Online Transcript

981.406K Impressions
292 Tweets
30 Participants
234 Avg Tweets/Hour
10 Avg Tweets/Participant

#OTalk Participants


#OTalk 18th September 2018 – Recognition of OT

This weeks #OTalk is on the topic of “Recognition of OT” and will be hosted by Jen Gash (@OTcoachUK).This chat is one in a series of chats being hosted in collaboration with the OT Show (@TheOTshow).

Here is what Jen has to say…

Ever since I became an occupational therapist around 25 years ago, there has been a constant narrative regarding the lack of recognition of the profession as a whole. Generally, I agree. Forgetting for now the poorly understood name of our profession, we are a small profession compared to other health care professions, rarely mentioned in the press (although this has definitely improved in the last couple of years) but there continues to be poor public awareness about what we do, a lack of acknowledgement regarding the importance of people’s occupational needs and a lack of occupational therapists in positions of leadership and influence.

People kinda just know what a nurse, physio, social worker or doctor is, don’t they and it’s so frustrating.

However, I believe that at this time more than ever before, occupational therapy needs to be recognised in numerous ways:

  • Recognition of what human occupation truly is, how central it is to human wellbeing and also to that of wider communities/societies – health is not merely achieved through a medical approach
  • Recognition that many of societies current difficulties could be alleviated through a grounded occupational approach
  • Recognition of the staggering work that occupational therapists continue to do to support health, social and education systems and that our impact as a profession could be magnified through more consultation opportunities and funding support.
  • Recognition of the trail blazers in our profession and the new frontiers they are exploring

This OTalk will explore the following questions in relation to “recognition” in occupational therapy:

  • What makes us (occupational therapists) feel we lack recognition at work and in broader society?
  • What sort of recognition would society value and make a real difference to our profession?
  • What examples do you all have, that demonstrate that OT is being recognised?
  • What other ways outside of the usual, might give occupational therapy the recognition it needs?

If you want to get some recognition for you, your staff or service, don’t forget to nominate people for this years OT Show Awards! Details here : https://www.theotshow.com/awards


Chat Host; Jen Gash (@OTcoachUK).This chat is one in a series of chats being hosted in collaboration with the OT Show (@TheOTshow).

Chat Support; @otrach

Online Transcript

#OTalk Healthcare Social Media Transcript September 18th 2018

The Numbers

1.376M Impressions
453 Tweets
50 Participants
362 Avg Tweets/Hour
Avg Tweets/Participant

#OTalk Participants




#OTalk 11th September 2018 – TRAMm Model Updates

This weeks #OTalk is on the topic of “TRAMm Model updates” following on from their research and will be hosted by Sarah Lawson (@SLawsonOT).

Here is what Sarah had to say…

Hi, I am Sarah, I am an Occupational Therapist, MPhil/PhD student, volunteer member of the Royal College of Occupational Therapists (RCOT) North West Regional Committee and Conference Development Team and along with @HearleD we develop TRAMmCPD.

TRAMmCPD is the TRAMm (Tell, Record, Apply, Monitor and measure) Model and its tools the TRAMm Tracker and TRAMm Trail, which collectively are known as TRAMmCPD.  Continuing Professional Development (CPD) is a personal and subjective journey, as well as our professional responsibility and a mandatory requirement of our registration with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC). In order to be effective we need to Tellothers, Recordand Applywhat we have learnt through our CPD activities, Monitorour progress and measurethe impact (Hearle et al 2016). We have previously hosted a variety of #OTalk’s where we have explored elements of CPD and TRAMmCPD, in our experience people are usually doing more CPD than they recognise or record. For this #OTalk we would like to briefly introduce the updates to the TRAMm Model which are based on our research. I presented these initial findings from my doctoral research at the RCOT Annual Conference 2018(p38 Session S53.1) Whilst this #OTalk is to introduce the updates to TRAMmCPD the elements of the TRAMm Model are relevant to all students and practitioners who need to engage in CPD.

I can only provide a brief overview of TRAMmCPD here, there is more information and free downloads available from our website www.TRAMmCPD.comIf you are a member of RCOT our book is available to view free via their website.

TRAMm Station T – Tell.

Along with our earlier research into CPD Engagement(Hearle & Lawson 2016), TRAMm station Tell includes the importance of sharing CPD plans and learning with others. The updated Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) document Continuing Professional Development and Your Registration(HCPC 2017) now includes the importance of learning with others as a means of encouraging self-reflection. There may be more benefits of learning with others for our CPD, including:

  • raising awareness of when we are learning
  • encouraging engagement in learning
  • the application of learning in practice

The importance of Learning Communities will now be explicitly included within TRAMm Station Tell

TRAMm Station A– Apply

This station was previously ‘Activity’ and has now been updated to Applyto reflect the importance of Applyingour learning from our CPD activities. For the HCPC (2017) any activity from which we learn and develop can be considered as part of our CPD as long as we can demonstrate that we engage in a mixture of activities (HCPC CPD Standard 2) and apply our learning to benefit our practice (HCPC CPD Standard 3), our service users (HCPC CPD Standard 4) and the organisations for which we work. An interesting finding within the literature has been that managers and organisations may find it difficult to support CPD activities when they do not explicitly see the value they or their stakeholders gain from it, hence the importance of not onlyMonitoringand measuringthe impact of our CPD on our practice, our service users but also the service/organisations for which we work. Whilst within TRAMmCPD it has always been implicit that the application of our learning from activities is important, following our research we have decided to make it more explicit within the TRAMm Model hence the update of TRAMm Station A – to Apply.

Save the date: we have an #OTalk scheduled for 23 October 2018 to explore in more depth the application of learning in practice for our CPD.

TRAMm Station M – Monitor

Some recent research recommends that CPD should be linked to our annual appraisal process, for which there are positive and negative aspects. Some organisations/managers already include the need to engage in CPD within annual appraisals with progress towards identified learning needs regularly Monitored throughout the year, linked to personal outcomes, with engagement and impact on the individual, service users and/or the service/organisation measured.Having reviewed our work with TRAMmCPD we have revisited the importance and potential of the annual appraisal process. Whilst we have included using the annual appraisal process as a form of recording achievements, highlighting learning needs and CPD, in future this will be included has a potential means of Monitoringand measuringprogress.

Questions to explore:

  1. How would you define your learning communities? Are they face to face or virtual?
  2. If you are the only Occupational Therapist in your team how do you ensure that you are not professionally isolated and keep up to date with your CPD?
  3. How important do you consider your learning communities to be for your CPD? What do you gain personally and/or collectively from your learning communities?
  4. What tips would you give for people finding and/or setting up learning communities?
  5. Do you actively consider how you are applying learning from CPD activities in practice?
  6. Do you link your CPD to your annual appraisals? Do you revisit this tomonitoryour progress regularly throughout the year or only at the next annual appraisal?
  7. What do you think the positives and/or negatives might be of linking CPD to annual appraisal process?


Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) (2017) Continuing Professional Development and Your Registration. London: Health and Care Professions Council.

Hearle, D; Lawson, S; and Morris, R. (2016) A Strategic Guide to CPD for Health and Care Professionals: The TRAMm Model. Keswick: M&K Publishing.

Hearle, D., and Lawson, S. (2016). Are you and your team Really Engaging in Continuing Professional Development? College of Occupational Therapists 40th Annual Conference and Exhibition. Harrogate.

Post Chat

Chat Host: Sarah Lawson (@SLawsonOT).

Support on the Otalk Account: @kirstieot

#OTalk Healthcare Social Media Transcript September 11th 2018

Online Transcript

The Numbers

1.386M Impressions
326 Tweets
37 Participants
261 Avg Tweets/Hour
Avg Tweets/Participant

#OTalk Participants