#OTalk 19th Jan 2016 – Motivation 

This week @pjmasonOT is leading a discussion on motivation. His introductory post is below. 

For the longest time procrastination has been my nemesis and yet my comfort blanket. Finding a reason not to do something was always a lot easier than identifying reasons to do something. I like many people started 2016 with the phrase “A new year, a new me”. Many started this new year with this or similar kinds of resolutions. However all too often these resolutions are foregone by the end of January 7th.
On those rare occasions where the resolution is maintained or achieved, it is high levels of motivation driving the individual to achieve that goal. Evidently motivation is an important concept for occupational therapists.
Human participation in occupations is driven by motivation, there are both extrinsic and intrinsic motivational factors. For me the difference has been facilitated in the reading about the experiences of Victor Frankl. Despite the harrowing experiences he had in the concentration camps of Nazi Germany, Frankl was able to recognise the one thing the Nazis couldn’t take from him was his choice of how to respond. That somewhere between stimulus and response is the human choice of how to respond. This was a light bulb moment for me and has helped me to develop from a reactive personality to a more proactive personality, effectively increasing my motivation levels. 
The Model of Human Occupation identifies the volition all system as components of motivation. Personal causation, values and interests all impact on motivation.

How can we increase our understanding of motivation and it’s impact on participation?
When is motivation at its best/worst? How is motivation affected by our physical/psychological/social/spiritual/environmental well being?
How can we quantify/measure motivation?
How can we tangibly affect motivation to increase participation?

Burke, J. P. (1977). A clinical perspective on motivation: pawn versus origin. American Journal of Occupational Therapy. Chicago    
Covey, S R (1999). The 7 habits of highly effective people. ed. London: Simon & Schuster, p. 68-70.
Helfrich, C., Kielhofner, G., & Mattingly, C. (1994). Volition as narrative: Understanding motivation in chronic illness. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 48(4), 311-317. Chicago    

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