#OTalk 15th Dec 15 – New Year’s Research Wish

The final #OTalk of 2015 will be hosted by @ais_d and supported by @Dai2584
As I approach the start of my MSc dissertation I thought it would be interesting to explore the engagement of OTs in research – as consumers, participants and leaders (Eakin et al, 1997). My driver to engage in research has come from my clinical practice – wanting to know how and why and in finding no answer, to decide to do it myself (along with some considerable support from my colleagues and the university!). As part of my research I have been examining studies of clinical practice in Occupational Therapy and have been surprised by the small numbers of participant OTs in the studies, however; a recent study by Pitout (2014) identified a number of barriers for involvement of OTs in research. These included;

Challenges to research in Occupational Therapy – clinical application, quantity and quality of research available

Research education and motivation – level of skills required, positive experience of research, access to a culture of research

Research processes – ability to identify appropriate topics, recruitment of participants, managing research time with clinical caseload, accessing funding and support

Research output – presenting, publishing and disseminating research.

In order to untangle some of the barriers and to identify some strategies to support engagement in research I will be asking the following questions.

Q.1 What are the challenges you experience in utilising research in practice?

Q.2 What positive experiences of research do you have?

Q.3 What are the barriers to getting involved in research?

Q.6 What type of research are you most likely to participate in? i.e. patient based projects, audits, online questionnaires etc.

Q.5 How can we engage “hard to reach” OTs in research i.e. those less engaged in CPD?

Q.4 How can you create a culture of research in your practice?

Q.7 What barriers are do you face in disseminating your research?

Q.8 How can we get more OTs involved in research – as consumers, participants and leaders?




Eakin, P., Ballinger, C., Nicol, M., Alsop, A. and Illot, I. (1997) College of Occupational Therapists: research and development strategy. British Journal Of Occupational Therapy. 60(11), p.484-486.

Pitout, H. (2014) Barriers and strategies to increase research involvement of South African Occupational Therapists. South Africian Jounral of Occupational Therapy. 44(2).



Culture – Tuesday 8th Dec 2015


As it’s December I thought it might be nice to explore culture in this weeks OTalk.  In the western world December is a large part of our culture. We engage in lots of traditions which have their routes in Christianity.  Preparation is carry out throughout the month with shopping, wrapping gifts, decorating workplaces, homes, for the big day, where gifts are given, and a meal is shared.  Its means different things to different people.  But not all within our street, workplaces, life’s engage in these tradition as it’s not part of their culture.  Do we consider culture in our interventions as therapists?

There is culture in everything we do, both good and bad.  To help you think about culture in preparation of the chat, here are some definitions.



  1. The quality in a person or society that arises from a concern for what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits, etc.
  2. That which is excellent in the arts, manners, etc.
  3. A particular form or stage of civilization, as that of a certain nation or period:

Greek culture.

  1. Development or improvement of the mind by education or training.
  2. The behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group:

the youth culture; the drug culture.

  1. Anthropology. the sum total of ways of living built up by a group of human beings and transmitted from one generation to another.
  2. Biology.

the cultivation of microorganisms, as bacteria, or of tissues, for scientific study, medicinal use, etc.

the product or growth resulting from such cultivation.

  1. The act or practice of cultivating the soil; tillage.
  2. The raising of plants or animals, especially with a view to their improvement.
  3. The product or growth resulting from such cultivation.

Verb (used with object), cultured, culturing.

  1. To subject to culture; cultivate.


to grow (microorganisms, tissues, etc.) in or on a controlled or defined medium.

to introduce (living material) into a culture medium.


Definitions of culture and cultural competence in occupational therapy texts Culture is defined in numerous ways and broadly refers to the accumulation of non-material influences that define the learned identity and behaviours of an individual and the social group(s) to which he or she belongs. The definition of the early anthropologist Tylor (1874) is favoured and quoted by Mumford (1994, p145): ‘that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society’. Gujral (2000, p440) more simply described culture as ‘comprising traditional beliefs and social practices that lead to rules for social interaction within a particular locality or social group’.  Culture, Cultural Competency and Occupational Therapy: A Review of the Literature Jerri Awaad The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 2003; vol. 66, 8: pp. 356-362

Rachel @OT_rach

Transcripts from chat http://embed.symplur.com/twitter/transcript?hashtag=OTalk&fdate=12-08-2015&shour=12&smin=00&tdate=12-08-2015&thour=13&tmin=15&page=2

The Numbers
451Avg Tweets/Hour
19Avg Tweets/Participant